The planet Losshur is a typical Earth-like world in terms of mass, age, rotation, and distance from its parent star. A local day is 25 standard hours, and a local year is 350 local days.
Before they were forcibly integrated into the galactic community, the Losshur’en njalryeth reckoned the passage of time according to the Zophar’en Calendar, a sidereal calendar that divided the year into 8 months of 40 days, with those 40 days being broken up into five eight-day weeks. The remaining 30 days were broken up into three full weeks and one 6-day short week, each of which served as a transitionary period between the seasons.
Due to the Njalryeth use of base-8 mathematics, a century in the Zophar’en Calendar is the equivalent of 64 standard years and a Zophar’en millennium is the equivalent of 512 standard years. Even the 40 days which make up each month would be reckoned as 50 days according to this scheme.
The Zophar’en Calendar is named in honour of Zophar, a semi-mythical polymath believed to have been the inventor of writing and the first astronomer. Year 0 of the calendar corresponds to the date in which she is widely believed to have been born, though a lack of fossil evidence due to the Njalryeth’s sky burial practices leaves this difficult to ascertain.
The Zophar’en Calendar is broken up into a series of time periods known as Tides. A Tide roughly corresponds either to a period of advancement following a discovery that is agreed to have changed Njalryeth society forever, in which case it is known as a Rising Tide; or to a period of decline brought on by a devastating conflict or natural disaster, in which case it is known as an Ebbing Tide. These Tides have no set duration, and can last anywhere from a few years to a few centuries. Everything before Year 0 is considered to be part of The Still Tide, or prehistory, while the period immediately after Year 0 is known as the First Rising Tide. The numerical progression of the Tides is sequential, so the First Rising Tide was followed by the First Ebbing Tide, which was followed by the Second Rising Tide, and so on.
Overall, the period between Year 0 of the Zophar’en Calendar and First Contact with the Great Interstellar League covers a span of some 25,000 Zophar’en years (or 10,752 standard years). The date of First Contact, which took place in the galactic standard year 530, is considered the start of the Tenth Rising Tide; thus, the current date of 658 is considered to be the 200th Year of the Tenth Rising Tide, or 10RT.200. Some have argued that the onset of the Final League-Pact War in 633 should be reckoned as the start of the Tenth Ebbing Tide, which would make the present date the 31st Year of the Tenth Ebbing Tide (or 10ET.31).
The following is an abridged timeline depicting the last several thousand years of njalryeth history. Dates are given in Galactic Standard reckoning (also known as Nomad Reckoning), Zophar’en reckoning, and Converted Zophar’en reckoning (which tracks the years in a standardized base-10 format), and are limited to the most significant events within this period.
|Date (GSR)||Date (ZR)||Date (CZR)||Events|
|-10,094||Year 0||Year 0||Zophar is born. First Rising Tide begins.|
|-10,068||1RT.32||26||First evidence of writing (zopharic runes etched on stone tablets)|
|-10,038||1RT.70||56||Earliest intact evidence of stone tools; invention likely predates this discovery by millennia|
|-9,838||1RT.400||256||Wild akhlut is domesticated; hunters are able to move further inland in pursuit of prey.|
|-9,538||1RT.777||511||Ancient city of Zophar'she is built.
Ancient Zophar'en civilization arises.
|1,024||Ancient Zophar'en devastated by plague; Zophar'she abandoned.
First Rising Tide ends. First Ebbing Tide begins.
|-8,906||1ET.244||1,188||Metal is discovered underwater. Mining techniques are invented.|
|1,208||Citystates spring up in various islands and archipelagoes; international trade begins.
First Ebbing Tide ends. Second Rising Tide begins.
|1,594||Citystates sacked by marauders. Many die, international trade stalls.
Second Rising Tide ends. Second Ebbing Tide begins.
|1,994||Nomadic tribes discover the ruins of Zophar'she and settle within them. The Neo Zophar'en civilization is established.
Second Ebbing Tide ends. Third Rising Tide begins.
|-7,500||3RT.1130||2,594||Oldest known funerary necklaces date to this year.|
|-7,245||3RT.1527||2,849||Rhinnoc'en civilization is established.|
|-7,045||3RT.2037||3,049||Neo Zophar and Rhinnoc come into conflict. First Rhinnic War begins.|
|-7,040||3RT.2044||3,054||First Rhinnic War ends in stalemate. Combatants agree to suspend hostilities and lick their wounds.|
|-7,020||3RT.2070||3,074||Bronze is discovered.|
|-7,005||3RT.2107||3,089||Second Rhinnic War begins.|
|3,094||Second Rhinnic War ends; Rhinnoc'en civilization is destroyed, and Neo Zophar is severely weakened by the conflict.
Third Rising Tide ends. Third Ebbing Tide begins.
|-6,900||3ET.144||3,194||Neo Zophar's colonies break away to form independent nation states.|
|3,344||Invention of the roller, a simple wooden vehicle that allows a njalryeth to move around more easily on land.
Inland colonization expands dramatically.
Third Ebbing Tide ends. Fourth Rising Tide begins.
|-6,500||4RT.372||3,594||Miners discover quartz. Artisans are fascinated by its properties.|
|-6,000||4RT.1356||4,094||The First Composer is born.|
|-5,981||4RT.1404||4,113||Water-resistant vellum is created.|
|-5,969||4RT.1415||4,125||The First Composer has an epiphany about the nature of reality and begins sharing her findings with others. Scribes and hangers-on begin to record her teachings.|
|-5,960||4RT.1426||4,134||The First Composer travels the seas, preaching her message of peace and tolerance to all who will hear. Her followers build the First Fane, a temple where all can come to hear her message.|
|4,137||A super volcano erupts, devastating all terrestrial citystates. The First Fane collapses on top of the First Composer during a sermon, killing her.
Many records are lost.
Many njalryeth retreat to the sea and take up a nomadic lifestyle.
The Fourth Rising Tide ends. The Fourth Ebbing Tide begins. The nuclear winter brought on by the eruption is known as the Rain of Ash.
|-5,400||4ET.1055||4,694||The Rain of Ash finally lifts. Terrestrial plants and animals begin to recover.|
|-5,000||4ET.1675||5,094||The first tentative njalryeth return to the land. Finding the soil greatly enriched by volcanic ash and minerals, they are able to implement agriculture.|
|-3,990||4ET.3657||6,104||A farmer discovers a cache of the First Composer's religious texts.|
|-3,970||4ET.3703||6,124||Paper is invented by processing fibres from plants and seaweed. Literacy improves.|
|-3,960||4ET.3715||6,134||The first copy of the religious texts is created.|
|6,194||Enough copies of the texts have been made to form a body of religious literature. Priestesses gather to debate the body's merits, forming the first incarnation of the Choral Concordance.
Fourth Ebbing Tide ends. Fifth Rising Tide begins.
|-3,000||5RT.1604||7,094||Multiple nations have sprung up. The Choral Concordance builds the Holy City of Concordia'she. An era of peace reigns.|
|-2,000||5RT.3554||8,094||An irreligious tyrant named Valthar the Faithless raises an army to try and stamp out the Choir. Towns and villages are raided. Anyone who refuses to recant their belief in the Choir and its Great Mother is executed.|
|-1,996||5RT.3560||8,098||The armies of the Faithless besiege Concordia'she. The Composer sends messengers to ask the neighbouring nations for help, offering to bless their leaders in the Great Mother's name.|
|-1,994||5RT.3562||8,100||The siege of Concordia'she is broken. The armies of the Faithless are smashed by those nations siding with the Choir. Valthar is captured.|
|-1,993||5RT.3463||8,101||After much debate, Valthar the Faithless is declared a heretic. She is sentenced to death by terrestrial beasts, and is eaten alive by a captured ollskap.
Choir doctrine establishes tenets which state that pure souls eaten by the beasts of the sea will return to the Great Mother, while evil souls must be eaten by beasts of the land, purifying them of their sins.
|-1,990||5RT.3567||8,104||The nations who came to the Choir's aid each demand to be recognized as sole recipient of the Great Mother's blessing. Unrest spreads as the Choir refuses to show favoritism by picking out any one nation as the sole recipient.|
|-1,980||5RT.3600||8,114||The Composer declares that she cannot and will not declare a single recipient as it would contravene the Choir's teachings. Nobody is happy with this, but nothing comes of it.|
|-1900||5RT.3732||8,204||Iron is discovered.|
|-1850||5RT.4014||8,254||Steel is created.|
|8,304||Global njalryeth population is devastated by an outbreak of plague.
Fifth Rising Tide ends. Fifth Ebbing Tide begins.
|-800||5ET.1750||9,304||Population has recovered to pre-plague levels.|
|-750||5ET.2032||9,354||New sanitation techniques are invented, limiting the spread of disease.|
|-735||5ET.2051||9,369||Invention of the printing press. Literacy rates skyrocket.|
|9,569||Industrialization is invented. Mass production becomes possible.
Many technologies are quickly discovered.
Fifth Ebbing Tide ends. Sixth Rising Tide begins.
|-450||6RT.113||9,644||Many nations experience social revolutions, brought on by improved living conditions created by the increasing industrialization.
The arts and literature flourish.
|-400||6RT.175||9,694||Electricity is discovered.
Miners discover corrosion-resistant minerals within the soil. Underwater construction and manufacturing now becomes possible.
|-375||6RT.226||9,719||The telegram is invented.|
|-360||6RT.245||9,734||Germ theory is discovered.|
|-350||6RT.257||9,744||Vaccines are created for many common diseases. Success is initially limited.|
|-300||6RT.341||9,794||Fossil fuels are discovered. Oil mining begins.|
|-275||6RT.372||9,819||Pollution levels are on the rise due to rampant industrialization.|
|-250||6RT.423||9,844||Trains are invented.
The automotive roller enters limited production.
Cargo ships are invented.
|-225||6RT.454||9,869||Several nations go to war over the possession of choice oil fields. The War for Earth's Blood begins.|
|9,875||The War for Earth's Blood ends when a cargo ship spills tonnes of crude into the sea.
Realizing that they’re damaging the environment, the njalryeth slow down industrialization so they can figure out what to do about it.
Sixth Rising Tide ends. Sixth Ebbing Tide begins.
|-172||6ET.47||9,922||Large deposits of quartz are discovered.|
|-146||6ET.111||9,948||The telephone is invented.|
|-111||6ET.154||9,983||Radio waves are discovered.|
|-90||6ET.201||10,004||The speargun is invented.|
|-60||6ET.237||10,034||Global tensions rise on various issues.|
|-54||6ET.245||10,040||Choir diplomats mediate between nations to prevent outbreaks of war.|
|-38||6ET.265||10,056||Atomic particles are discovered.|
|-20||6ET.307||10,074||Powered flight is invented.|
|-10||6ET.321||10,084||Subatomic particles are discovered.|
|5||6ET.340||10,099||The atomic bomb is invented.|
|7||6ET.342||10,101||An international council is assembled to discuss the issue of the atomic bomb. After months of deliberation, it is agreed that the bomb will never be used except in a case of last resort.|
|27||6ET.366||10,121||Global tensions begin rising again. A council of nations is assembled to oversee disputes and prevent the outbreak of war.|
|54||6ET.421||10,148||Scientific research on the properties of sound begins.|
|10,174||The first computer is invented.
The Sixth Ebbing Tide ends. The Seventh Rising Tide begins.
|100||7RT.24||10,194||Distant flashes of light become visible in the night sky. Astronomers ponder what they signify, and begin wondering if the njalryeth are alone in the universe.|
|116||7RT.44||10,210||Facilities are set up to scan to cosmos for possible extraterrestrial radio waves.|
|132||7RT.64||10,226||The first satellite is launched into orbit.|
|160||7RT.120||10,254||Multiple satellites are now in orbit, and the njalryeth begin gathering comprehensive data on the other planets in their solar system.|
|200||7RT.170||10,294||A global communications network is established. Losshur enters the Information Age.|
|211||7RT.203||10,305||Sonics research has produced a way to remove oil molecules from water and destroy them via concentrated soundwaves. The njalryeth begin cleaning up their environment.|
|240||7RT.240||10,334||Breakthroughs in micro-circuitry and crystal-shaping suggest that piezoelectric minerals like quartz could be used as a power source if exposed to the right frequencies and vibrations.|
|270||7RT.276||10,364||The first prototype piezoelectric reactor is created, though it is cumbersome and lacks efficiency.|
|300||7RT.334||10,394||Much of Losshur's environment has been cleansed of pre-existing pollution, but new pollutants remain an issue.|
|330||7RT.372||10,424||The first njalryeth is launched into space.|
|350||7RT.416||10,444||The first njalryeth lands on Hronrad, Losshur's moon.|
|370||7RT.442||10,464||The first unmanned probes make it to Losshur's closest interplanetary neighbours.|
|400||7RT.500||10,494||Refinements in piezoelectric engineering make the reactors smaller and more efficient. They begin seeing more widespread use.|
|412||7RT.514||10,506||[SETI] has detected anomalous lights within several lightyears of Losshur. these lights are too frequent and regular to be pulsars or gamma-ray bursts. Scientists begin to wonder if these lights have an artificial origin, and if so who made them.|
|427||7RT.523||10,513||The first manned mission to [X] is a success.|
|433||7RT.531||10,519||After centuries of listening, [SETI] detects an anomalous signal.|
|435||7RT.533||10,521||After years of careful examination, the signal is determined to be an extraterrestrial transmission, but its purpose and contents are unknown.|
|436||7RT.534||10,522||Astrophysicists send out a signal of their own. The contents are a simple mathematical equation, a tentative "Hello?" to the unknown extraterrestrials.|
|437||7RT.535||10,523||A response comes, but the solution to the equation is incorrect. Puzzled, scientists consider the possibility that the extraterrestrials may be using a different counting system than base-8.|
|438||7RT.536||10,524||Astrophysicists send out another equation. This time they include a simple mathematical key containing ideograms and numbers, to ensure that the extraterrestrials understand base-8 math is being used.|
|439||7RT.537||10,525||A response comes, this time with the correct answer. Attached to the transmission is a similar key, revealing that the aliens employ base-6 mathematics.|
|450||7RT.551||10,536||After years of back-and-forth, Losshur has established a slow, simple, but effective line of communcation with the extraterrestrial species, which call themselves kellsarans.
[SETI] publically announces that they've made contact with an alien species. Public interest rises dramatically, but dros once they realize that they are unlikely to ever see these aliens face-to-face.
|10,569||The njalryeth have reached a technological plateau. They cannot advance any further than they already have with the resources available to them. They have concepts in mind to revolutionize their existing technology and infrastructure, such as geothermal power and helium-3 mining for improved space travel, but lack the means and resources to implement them.
Seventh Rising Tide ends. Seventh Ebbing Tide begins.
|485||7ET.12||10,579||Research into faster-than-light communication begins.|
|495||7ET.24||10,589||FTL communication research leads to the sudden detection of hundreds if not thousands of FTL signals bouncing back and forth across the galaxy. Scientists are surprised and alarmed at the sheer volume of signals being sent out, and the implications therein.|
|500||7ET.31||10,594||Desiring privacy, the njalryeth pursue quantum entanglement technology. They develop resonation crystals that can transmit information almost instantaneously, but only function in pairs.|
|505||7ET.36||10,599||The first successful test of the resonation crystals. An astronaut on [X] is able to communicate clearly with Losshur, 225,000,000km away, with no perceptible lag.|
|510||7ET.43||10,604||After further tests, a rocket containing one half of a paired set of resonation crystals is launched toward the kellsaran homeworld. The hope is to establish communications with their neighbours while also not announcing their existence to the rest of the galaxy until the njalryeth are ready to do so.|
|515||7ET.50||10,609||The rocket arrives. FTL communications are established. Sharing of and collaboration on advanced technological concepts begins.|
|10,624||First Contact with the Great Interstellar League.
Losshur is inducted into the League.
Seventh Ebbing Tide ends. Tenth Rising Tide begins.
|532||10RT.2||10,626||Planetary government is restructured. All nations now answer to a puppet monarchy backed by the League. Ascension of the Hok'ma Dreth dynasty.|
|550||10RT.24||10,644||Nan'she is colonized.|
|612||10RT.122||10,706||Rán is colonized.|
|10,727||Final League-Pact War begins.|
|10,746||Battle of Varuna. Hundreds of njalryeth soldiers die in a failed attempt to destroy a Pact communications hub.
Njalryeth begin conspiring to break away from the League.
|10,749||The worlds of Losshur, Nan'she, and Rán secede from the Great Interstellar League. The Losshur Federation is founded.|
|10,750||Final League-Pact War ends.|